Higher education in developing countries strongly depends on the economic challenges. Universities need a strong and stable financial backing to meet students’ requirements. Neither governments nor students are able to pay this money. Even if students decide to start a career in science, they have to continue education in industrialized European countries or in the US. Non-industrialized countries do not even emphasize the importance of science education because they do not have enough resources to provide it. Inability to catch up with the technological development, old Western curricula, and archaic teaching methods are available only to a limited number of eager students who have no funds to study abroad.
The most typical educational challenges of the third-world countries are poor scientific infrastructure, shortage of teachers, outdated curricula, old teaching materials, and absent opportunities for practical experience. Scientific research is not an issue of utmost importance for developing countries which are left far behind the industrialized world in science and technology. Universities cannot make both ends meet because they are not demanded by population. The management is poor mainly because of the financial deficiency. Qualified teachers are a rare occasion there as they usually come as volunteers.
Apparently, science education of a high quality is a sign of the modernization and development. African and Asian countries have still a long way to go, mainly in economy and infrastructure, to grow up to the scientific level of the Western countries. Science education comes along with a higher level of industrialization which is not so easy to achieve.