Concepts such as moral and non-moral can be explicit or vague for different people. Someone would say that moral issues are rights while non-moral matters are wrongs – as simple as that. But trying to evaluate human actions, we sometimes bump into a wall of inconsistencies between ourselves and our interlocutors: people of one and the same community may not agree on what is right and wrong.
To clarify this controversial issue, we shall admit that moral issues are not universal. They depend on specific moral theories or ethical codes intrinsic to any particular ethnic, cultural, or religious group. It means, all people have different values, and they evaluate actions as right or wrong according to their own system of beliefs. For example, Muslim people may find eating pork non-moral because it contradicts their religious beliefs. Vegetarians suppose that eating any meat is non-moral because it contradicts their ethical values. Neither of these systems is a universal one, which proves that morality is a subjective quality.
On the other hand, there are some basic values that overcome boundaries of religion and are understood by all societies. Such universal rights as “do not kill a human being”, “do not steal”, or “pay respect to your parents” make people share the same view on what is moral and what is not.
Some philosophers underline that morality requires judgment. According to this point of view, actions shall be considered as moral if they are properly analyzed according to some system of values. Consequently, thoroughly considered actions that convey positive intentions shall be considered as moral. Nevertheless, we cannot agree with this point of view, because many individuals act unintentionally but morally at the same time. Moral values that are deep in our unconscious do not require the second thought.