Mental Development of Special Children essay sample



Special needs are individual requirements in education which essential for children with physical or mental disabilities. Numerous mental and emotional disorders are diagnosed in little kids as they fail to demonstrate intellectual skills and abilities common at their age. Retardation in mental development depends on another specific reason for each disorder. Children with special needs, however, have a chance to catch up with their healthy peers on condition that they are given a proper care and education. Individual lessons are frequently helpful for special children.

To have a better look at the distinctions in the mental development of special children, we shall single out such disorders as ASD, Down syndrome, and dyslexia. Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder have difficulties in social interaction, verbal and non-verbal communication, and motor coordination. Intellectual disability comes along with autism as children fail to concentrate, memorize, and reproduce the material. The neural disorder is diagnosed purely on the therapist’s conclusions. Autism comes from the specifics of early brain development, and its first signs can be seen between the ages of 2 and 3 years of life.

Children with Down syndrome also show retardation in their learning ability which is similar to that of children with autism. But unlike ASD, Down syndrome is a congenital disease caused by an extra 21 chromosome which can be precisely diagnosed in the lab. Motor and language skills of children with the syndrome develop slowly, and these kids always require an individual approach.

Dyslexia is a learning disability which especially affects child’s reading skills. The disorder is either genetically based or formed by complications during the early development. Children with dyslexia may not show any specific signs of disability unless it comes to reading. Dyslexic children can catch up with other kids due to the regular reading training.

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