Nanomaterials are already widely used in numerous industries. They are present in cosmetics, food packaging, electronics, medicine. However, Australian scientists have recently found out the way to apply nanotechnologies to reduce CO2 emissions from coal-powered plants. The major industry in the country is based on the fossil fuels which certainly affect the environment. The transition to the renewable energy is a long process, therefore, researchers found the way how to improve the current state of the industry.
The new absorbent nanomaterial called “metal-organic framework” was developed to separate CO2 gasses from nitrogen emissions. The material works as a sponge at a nanoscale. CO2 molecules easily trap into the nanomaterial while the molecules of nitrogen are released due to the bigger size. This method of separating industrial emissions appeared both effective and affordable. Other ways of separating were expensive and energy-inefficient which stimulated scientists to search for a better option.
Nanotechnology is widely applied to the energy sector. It does not only filtrate the emissions, it increases the efficiency of the industry, therefore, cuts down the demand for fossil fuels. Nanotechnology is applied to aircraft coating; the lighter coating requires less CO2 to be burned. Nanocatalysts help to promote complete fuel combustion so that the amount of fuel is reduced as well; the same concerns reducing friction and improving the wear resistance of the engine. Even the quality of construction influences the demand for fuel. Residential and commercial buildings covered with nanostructured materials can prevent heat transfer and reduce the amount of burnt fuel.