Ethical norms are diverse and omnipresent. Many people got used to seeing them as social norms concerning rights and wrongs acquired during childhood. Nevertheless, numerous ethical disputes cannot be solved by defining what is acceptable and what is not. Scientific research requires adherence to ethical norms because of several reasons. Scientists shall be guided by the aim of research which drawing true and fair conclusions. They shall not violate the confidentiality of other researchers and pay mutual respect. Researchers shall stay accountable for their findings; they have to bear responsibility for the fairness of results not to do harm to humans or other living beings. And last, scientific research shall promote other moral and social values. People seek for the scientific evidence because it is the way to live in harmony with their environment.
With regards to the value of ethics in research, scientific agencies, institutes, and laboratories adopted policies and regulations in their workplace. They are federal and international policies which prevent emerging ethical disputes between researchers all over the world. In general, all these policies promote basic principals of ethics such as honesty, objectivity, confidentiality and others.
Honesty and objectivity diminish misinformation and misinterpretation of the research. Carefulness helps to avoid critical mistakes while analyzing works of peers. Scientists need to share their works with peers and be open to criticism; they also have to adhere to the principles of protecting intellectual property. Scientific findings shall contribute to the good of others, not to the researcher’s career; methods of research shall not violate animal or human rights. All these principles seem clear, however, every now and then public or scientific community gets confused with violations of the ethic code.