Artificial selection for desired traits recently gave birth to genetic modification of plant and animal organisms. Advances in the field of genetic engineering allowed scientists to control modification and make existing species more accustomed to the conditions and demands of current agriculture and farming. Human interference, however, to some extent disrupted the natural processes in modified organisms themselves and the entire ecosystems. This has born a controversy towards GM food which must be at least properly labeled. As soon as the process of crops and animal modification has started, it is impossible to turn it back. Modified genes flow uncontrollably across the globe where they cause changes which no one can predict yet.
Focusing upon the merits of GM organisms, researchers underline the increased crop yields alongside with resistance to pests and severe weather conditions. Thanks to the advancements of genetic engineering, crops are also more likely to survive in unfavorable weather conditions. The efficiency of agriculture literally multiples when GM crops are used. There is no need to spend more money on pesticides and other protective measures. Modified genes assure food security and enhanced vitamin composition. Besides, GM products have a longer shelf life; they will remain beautifully shaped for a longer time and will not rotten during shipping.
Such a wide range of benefits push farmers towards supplying transgenic crops to the market and assure manufacturers that it is more profitable to produce GM food. Modified products have an excellent taste and can safely wait for their consumers on the shelves. Genetic engineers believe that transgenic crops can solve the problem of world hunger and market their activity as human-friendly.