Types of memory disorders essay sample

 

 

Memory loss may happen due to various reasons almost at every age. Not only elderly people but also teens and individuals of a middle-age may suffer from more or less extensive memory loss. In many cases, it is provoked by an individual’s inability to concentrate their attention properly, but sometimes specific health conditions make people extremely forgetful.

Dementia encompasses a wide range of memory impairment. It is a general term for a variety of conditions that cause impairment in mental activity and are closely connected to our memory. Such odd symptoms like forgetting common words, repeating the same questions, or getting lost in a familiar area are the first and major signs of dementia in patients. Alzheimer’s disease is one of the most common causes of dementia. It is a mental impairment that develops in aged people causing difficulties in learning, memorizing, and even disorientation.

Dementia with Lewy Bodies is another cause for a gradual but steady memory loss. Except for this main symptom, patients usually have problems with attention and can hardly control their movements. One more serious memory disorder is frontotemporal dementia. It is accompanied by sufficient changes in behavior that shifts either to aggressiveness or to indifference. Patients also have problems with language skills – they cannot read, write, and speak properly. HIV virus may also lead to a memory loss if the disease goes untreated.

Problems with memory do not necessarily indicate to the diseases mentioned above but they can also result from the excess or deficiency of the chemicals. People with hypothyroidism may have problems with thinking, because there is not enough of thyroid hormones to stimulate metabolism in cells.

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