History of the Human Genome Project essay sample



The Human Genome Project was an international research conducted by the National Institutes of Health and funded by the US government that pursued the aim to find out how nucleotides were placed in a human DNA. Apparently, genetic appearance of every individual is a different one, nevertheless the NIH expected to conduct a groundbreaking research that would possibly explain where genetic conditions take place. Preparations for the project started in 1984, and it was completed till 2003. In the result, a map of human genome was created through generalizing genetic data acquired from several individuals.

In 1990, preparation for the HGP completed with issuing of a research plan of the project. The publication provided an outline of what would be accomplished in the first five years of the research. Since then, scientists had a decade to finish the project. A large part of the work was bound to advancement of technologies used to decipher location of genes. It was crucial to make existing technologies cheaper and faster to accomplish goals defined for the Human Genome Project.

Since 1993, the technology used for the research was applied to study inherited conditions. The National Institute of Health created the Center for Inherited Disease Research that used the same technologies for analyzing genetic diseases. A working draft of the human genome was issued in 2000 when scientists managed to sequence the greater part of the human genome. In 2003, the final variant of the genome was presented to the public. As a matter of fact, the project finished with more than 95 percent of the human genome sequenced in maps.


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